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Public Consultation: COCOON - Terms of Reference on the Closure, Aftercare and Rehabilitation of Landfills and Void Spaces


From: Ministry for the Environment, Climate Change and Planning
Environment & Resources Authority)
​Published: 16 November 2021
Running till: 14 December 2021
​Last Updated: 16 November 2021

1.        Background​

The Environment and Resources Authority (ERA) is participating in an
Interreg Europe project named COCOON. COCOON is a project which aims to improve regional policy on landfill management through an exchange of best practices and information between participating countries.

Landfills are considered as dynamic stocks of resources (such as landfill gas, water, etc.) that can be integrated into the economy, while landfill management (LfM) supports reclaiming land and avoids remediation and aftercare costs. The objective of the COCOON project is to develop, integrate and improve relevant policy instruments, while increasing subsidies through operational programmes (OPs) for LfM projects. COCOON brings together distinct EU regions to share and capitalise on regional good practices.

As part of Malta’s Action Plan under
this project, the ERA applied lessons learnt from other partners on the rehabilitation of closed landfills to develop the first national Terms of Reference for landfill operators on best practices and procedures to follow for the closure, aftercare, and rehabilitation of landfills (hereafter referred to as ToRs).

Such ToRs are intended to be binding on all landfill operators through a new specific requirement to be included in the environment/IPPC permit of the operators issued by ERA as well as the development permit covering the rehabilitation or redevelopment of a landfill site or a dumpsite issued by the Planning Authority (which has been a key stakeholder through the project).

The aim of the draft ToRs is to cover the whole process including the closure, after-care and rehabilitation of a landfill, through the following:

  • Monitoring (including parameters to be monitored, frequency of monitoring, and the timeframe for monitoring after the closure) and thresholds;
  • Minimum and mandatory landfill cover and capping system to be installed (which takes into consideration the type of waste disposed of & the landfill dynamics in place since closure);
  • The minimum requirements and conditions to be applied in the rehabilitation of old dumpsites (i.e. non-engineered landfills and pre-accession to EU landfills); and
  • Criteria for the identification of sites and their possible after-use.

Consultation Questions

The public is invited to submit any feedback or comments on these terms of reference.
3.        Documents
4.        Submission of input

Submissions must be sent in by email to the address:

Submissions must be received by 14 December 2021.
We thank you in advance for your input.

Further notes: 
Please be informed that comments submitted, together with the identity of the contributor, may be published online at the end of the public consultation, unless the contributor objects to the publication of his/her personal data. In this case, the contribution may be published in anonymous form.

Please be informed that submissions will be published on the webpage of this consultation at the end of the scoping phase. The lead Ministry has sole discretion upon the publication of comments.

Received contributions, together with the identity of the contributor, will be published on the Internet, unless the contributor objects to the publication of his/her personal data on the grounds that such publication would harm his/her legitimate interests. In this case the contribution may be published in anonymous form. Otherwise the contribution will not be published nor will, in principle, its content be taken into account.  Any objections concerning the publication of personal data should be sent to the service responsible for the consultation on the following email address: 

Data Protection Statement the General Data Protection Regulation and the Data Protection Act (Chapter 586)

The General Data Protection Regulation and the Data Protection Act Chapter 586 regulate the processing of personal data whether held electronically or in manual form. The Ministry for European Affairs and Equality collects only information which is necessary for it to perform its intended functions and is set to fully comply with the Data Protection Principles as set out in the Data Protection Legislation.  Verification of the ID number provided will take place as deemed necessary. All personal data provided will be processed according to the General Data Protection Regulation and the Data Protection Act (Cap 586).


In addition, please be aware of:
·         Disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act (Chapter 496)
As we are a public authority all documents we hold, including documents related to this public consultation process, may be released following a request to us under the Freedom of Information Act (Chap. 496), unless such request may be subject of an exemption arising from the same Act.​

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