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A Strategy and Action Plan for the Prevention and Containment of Antimicrobial Resistance in Malta (2018 -2025)


From: Ministry for Health
(Department for Health Regulation)
​Published: ​9 November 2018
Running till: ​9 December 2018
​Last Updated: ​10 December 2018
1.        Background

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) refers to the ability of microorganisms to resist the action of antimicrobials, occurring when such microorganisms (e.g. bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites affecting humans, land-dwelling and aquatic animals and plants) become resistant to antimicrobials such as antibiotics, making infections or diseases caused by such microorganisms more difficult or impossible to treat. Antimicrobials play a critical role for ensuring health and productivity when judicially used. However, when imprudently used they can lead to the associated emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistant microorganisms, placing everyone at great risk.

While bacterial resistance to antibiotics has developed rapidly and has become a major threat, a slowly emerging phenomenon of resistance of other micro-organisms to antimicrobials such as antifungals, antivirals and anti-parasitic agents have also been observed. Since bacterial AMR to antibiotics constitutes the largest significant threat of AMR, the Strategy focuses on antibiotic resistance and does not encompass other antimicrobial resistance, which has so far been on the low side.

The challenge of AMR is complex and no single action will, in isolation, provide an effective response. For this reason, the Strategy is a cross-sectoral response to the threat of AMR in Malta. Its focus lies in controlling and possibly reversing current AMR trends. The Strategy sets out objectives that identify the broad areas where integrated and simultaneous action is required. Progress in each area is important to ensure a comprehensive response and support progress towards the Strategy’s vision.

The goal, objectives and actions needed to achieve them have been informed by a review of national and international literature as well as expert advice from key stakeholders. The Strategy aligns with the WHO Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance, the EU Action on Antimicrobial Resistance as well as National Legislation.  

3.        Submission of input

Submissions were sent in by email on​

Submissions were received by 9 December 2018.
We thank you for your input.

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In addition, please be aware of:
·         Disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act (Chapter 496)
As we are a public authority all documents we hold, including documents related to this public consultation process, may be released following a request to us under the Freedom of Information Act (Chap. 496), unless such request may be subject of an exemption arising from the same Act.


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